You know what you can do in case of bruises? We explain our in our Blog. A contusion or bruise occurs when small blood vessels break and displayed under the skin of black to bluish due to a stroke. There are a concern and go on their own in about two or three weeks. They change color, through the purplish black, reddish blue or yellowish green, may extend the affected area.
Causes of concussions
- Among the causes that can cause bruises are the following:
- There are some people prone to bruising in the family.
- Women bruise more easily than men, they are minor injuries that appear on the arms, thighs and buttocks.
- The elderly are prone to bruising on the forearms, hands, legs and feet, because the skin becomes less flexible and
- thinner because there is less fat under the skin, which causes blood vessels to break easily, and display the bruises.
Many of these spots can be caused by:
- Medications such as aspirin or anticoagulants.
- It may be due to infections that cause the accumulation of toxins in the blood or tissues, such as sepsis.
- Liver disease, such as liver cirrhosis.
- Inflammation of blood vessels or vasculitis.
- Malnutrition, due to certain deficiencies of vitamins B9, B12, C, or K.
- Some disorders, such as: hemophilia, thrombocytopenia or other coagulation diseases such as certain chronic
- inflammatory diseases, such as lupus.
- Cancer, such as leukemia, Hodgkin’s disease or multiple myeloma among others.
How to treat bruises
On many occasions when the bruises are not serious, you can try at home to help relieve pain and reduce inflammation and stiffness; therefore keep in mind the following tips:
- Protects the area where the bruise is.
- Eliminates snuff and alcohol, because only make delay healing.
- If there is pain, you can take ibuprofen counter medications or certain homeopathic remedies such as arnica to
- relieve pain from bruising.
- You can apply some massages the area around the affected area to reduce pain and stimulate blood flow.
- Apply ice to prevent or minimize swelling for about 15 minutes several times a day and instead avoided during the
- first 48 hours after injury appears, hot baths.
- When inflammation has subsided, you can start doing gentle exercise, moist heat helped to restore and maintain
- Compress not over tighten, the bruised area with an elastic bandage to reduce swelling and keep the affected area elevated to reduce swelling, while applying ice.