The Types of Allergies and What to Do About Them

Allergy season will arrive sooner than anyone wants. For some people who’ve spent the winter months mostly indoors and have been subject to dust, dust mites, pet dander, mold and other allergens, allergy season is already here. Unfortunately, the body has a variety of ways to respond to these irritants. Among them are:

• Asthma
Asthma is an inflammation in the bronchial tubes of the lungs. The body responds by accumulating mucus in these tubes, which in turn makes it difficult to breathe. An asthma specialist Flemington NJ such as Allergy, Asthma & Sinus Center can recommend treatments to ease or prevent asthma attacks.

• Eczema
Eczema is redness and inflammation of the skin. It is a common skin condition in babies and shows up as itchy, scaly patches on the scalp, the face and the cheeks.

• Sinusitis
This is an inflammation of the sinuses, which are the hollow areas around the eyes, nose and cheekbones. Sinusitis is a risk for people who suffer from seasonal allergies, unusually narrow passages in the nose or a deviated septum.

• Rashes
Rashes can be triggered because a person has brushed against, eaten or inhaled something they’re allergic to. Most rashes are eased by rinsing the skin with cool water and patting it dry.

• Hives
Like rashes, hives can be triggered by many things or sometimes what seems like nothing at all. They are itching welts that appear on the skin and sometimes grow so large that they join together. Hives tend to come and go. They’ll show up on one part of the body, disappear, then show up on another part of the body. This pattern can sometimes persist for weeks.

Moreover, there are the seasonal allergies and allergies caused by stinging insects and drugs that are supposed to be helpful. Indeed, insect and drug allergies can be especially dangerous and can lead to anaphylactic shock in some sensitive people. If a person has intense itching, trouble breathing and their tongue and throat start to swell, medical help should be sought immediately. Some sensitive people carry an epinephrine pen that automatically delivers a dose of the hormone when it’s triggered and eases the symptoms.

Treatments
The best way to treat allergies is to avoid the things that trigger them. However, if this is impossible or impractical, the home should be vacuumed with a vacuum cleaner fitted with HEPA filter, which can remove even tiny allergens. Bedclothes should be washed in water that’s at least 120 degrees Fahrenheit to kill dust mites, and they should be changed fairly regularly.

Allergens are everywhere, and it’s a rare person who is not allergic to something. The good news is that allergies can be treated.

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