Skin infections can be irritating and annoying. In most cases they are contagious contact, making them even more awkward. Some special care and perhaps the supervision of a physician allow these diseases happen as quickly as possible to return to our daily lives. There are different types depending on their cause by fungi, bacteria and viruses. Learn about the most common and some treatments.
Our skin is very attractive for fungi looking where reproduce. Unfortunately when placed, the skin becomes inflamed, red or hard. It will also cause hair loss or hair and flaking, causing itching and burning.
Athlete’s foot is caused by a fungus that grows on the skin. It is specially developed skin that is found in plants and between the toes. This area is attractive for fungi because it is usually damp and dark, especially in athletes. Symptoms of this infection called tricofitosis feet are burning, itching, redness and pain. In some cases the epidermis of the skin is peeled and burns.
Yeast infections are highly contagious, can be contracted by walking barefoot in wet areas, swimming pools or public baths. Athletes to wear sports shoes and thick socks are more likely to collapse them due to sweat and heat in the foot.
This is not a serious infection and in most cases no medical attention is required. It requires careful because once the fungus begins to develop not go away by itself. Therefore, it needs proper treatment.
Athlete’s foot treatment
- Use a fungicide. They are available in lotion, cream or powder. You can buy it at a pharmacy without a prescription.
- Read the instructions before using the product you choose well. Suggested in most cases use is applied twice daily in the affected area clean and dry.
- I suggest performing the treatment until the mushrooms have disappeared. To prevent them from reappearing is useful to continue using the product for 10 days after removing the trouble.
- This only happens in some cases, but if the infection persists, you should consult a doctor to prescribe a stronger medication.
Tips to avoid getting Athlete’s Foot
- The most important advice I can give is to keep good hygiene in your body, especially your feet.
- Use clean socks or stockings daily. Preferably they are made from natural fibers or cotton so your skin can breathe.
- Let dry your shoes outdoors or under the sun whenever you use them, especially if you were doing sports or walked in the rain.
- Keep your feet clean and dry. After skin dry well between the toes bathroom. If you sweat a lot using an antiperspirant deodorant for feet.
- Avoid walking barefoot in public showers or baths. When you go to pool wearing sandals to protect your feet. If possible, wash your feet with clean water and soap before dressing again.
Ringworm is a skin lesion that may appear on the skin of the body -carcinoma- in -inguinal- groin, scalp or the -onicomicosis- -tonsurante- nails. It manifests itself in the skin as embossed plates, circular and reddish, usually itchy. The body parts that are most affected is the buttocks and armpits.
This infection on the scalp is common in children. It can cause hair damage. When appears on nails they become white and thicker. Over time if proper treatment is not done they can turn yellow and brittle.
- A medical diagnosis to identify the type of ringworm, its cause and the appropriate fungicide is needed to combat it.
- In case of a circinada or jock itch, treatment with creams or lotions fungicides will be appropriate.
- In case of onychomycosis or tinea capitis, treatment with drugs taken orally will be more useful.
- The fungi that cause these infections are difficult to remove completely. Treatments to fight can last for weeks.
- It is possible that after completing the treatment, the infection may return especially nails. In these cases it is necessary to use stronger fungicides.
Bacteria and Virus infections
Our skin can also be a victim of infections by bacteria or viruses. These are more irritating than those caused by fungi also require special care to avoid infecting others.
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Impetigo is an infection caused by a bacteria called staphylococci aureus. This bacterium usually enters our skin through a wound or eczema. It is highly contagious. This infection primarily affects children in areas of the nose, mouth, ears and upper chest. The bacteria manifests the affected reddening and producing vesicopustules that explode and leave wet yellow crusts area.
Treatment of Impetigo
- A medical diagnosis is necessary to establish the most appropriate treatment.
- The most commonly used treatments are antibiotics and cream that reduce discomfort and heal the affected areas. The improvement process can take several weeks.
- Where possible, it is necessary to prevent children from scratching the blisters because it spreads infection throughout your skin and increases the likelihood of spreading to other children or adults.
- Gently remove the yellow crusting of the skin using pure water, soap and gauze. Discard immediately gauzes have been used.
- Prevent children affected contact or play with other children as they could catch.
These infections are caused by herpes simplex virus. It is spread by direct contact with fluid from the vesicles that form on the skin. The cold sores are common in young people. Although many develop immunity against the virus, some kept in their cells.
Although it not identified a strong single cause, usually this virus is activated when the body’s defenses are weakened due to a cold, intense sun exposure, exhaustion, excessive stress or hormonal changes.
Symptoms that indicate the existence of these infections are tingling, itching, burning, irritation and heat in the affected skin area. This occurs about 2 days before the onset of the vesicle. As impetigo, this infection primarily affects the skin around the nose and mouth. It also manifests as vesicles containing therein a pale yellow liquid.
These vesicles explode after a few days leaving reddened skin scabs known as bedsores. If the proper treatment is used, these sores dry up and disappear for a week. This virus though not dangerous, is highly contagious. Ulcers are uncomfortable and unsightly. If wounds contract other bacteria could worsen and become delicate.
Treatment of cold sores
- For maximum effectiveness, treatment should begin at the time when the symptoms of infection appear and have not yet left the vesicles. Especially when it is not the first time that the skin has suffered this injury.
- Blisters usually heal on their own within a period not exceeding 10 days. If after this time have not healed it is advisable to visit the doctor.
- While these infections disappear it is essential to avoid direct contact with other parts of the body and skin of others.
- To soothe irritation and ulcers disappear faster, you can be used antiviral drug acyclovir. This medicine pill form or creams. It is available in a public pharmacy and not all require medical formula to be acquired. Find the link more information about Acyclovir.
Tips for avoiding cold sores
- Avoid kissing and touching anyone as these infections are present. Do not share pillows, clothing or blankets.
- Use sunscreen to get outdoors. Direct exposure to the sun could worsen the injury.
- If you have children you should maintain good hygiene, wash and dry your hands frequently to avoid infecting your children.
- You must clean and gently dry wounds. Do not share towels or gloves that you use for this.
- Preferably not touch the ulcer and if necessary, avoid touching your eyes afterwards, an eye infection because this virus could be very delicate.
There are infectious diseases that require more care because they have skin rashes and symptoms such as fever and headache.