The medical and dental history, clinical examination, plaster models of teeth and x-rays are some of the studies and procedures necessary to determine if we need to submit to orthodontics, corrective treatment of the position of our teeth can last up to 36 months.
When our teeth are in bad position they do not fit well with each other and do not bite properly. This bad position makes it more difficult to keep clean and let us run more risks we lose parts prematurely due to caries and periodontal diseases.
This bad position of the teeth can also cause extra stress on the chewing muscles, called muscle disorders and temporomandibular joint (TMJ), which eventually result in headaches and pains in the neck, shoulders and back.
That is, not only the orthodontic has some aesthetic and functional purposes but also, and especially, in order to maintain good oral and general physical health.
More conventional symptoms
Who is able to advise on whether to submit to orthodontic treatment should always be the specialist or orthodontist. However, there are a number of symptoms that put us on the track that probably need orthodontic…
- Overbite: The crowns of the maxillary anterior teeth almost completely cover the crowns of the lower teeth.
- Underbite: The lower teeth are too far forward or the upper position themselves very backward.
- Crossbite: Bite normally, upper teeth not descend slightly ahead of the previous lower or slightly outside the rear lower teeth.
- Openbite: In bite no contact between the upper and lower teeth. In short, the teeth must fit the bite, and if there is a large gap between the upper and lower teeth then it is very likely to need orthodontia.
- Midline shifted: The imaginary line that divides the center of your upper front teeth does not line up with the lower teeth.
- Diastase: This term refers to the separation of the upper incisors. It happens when there is a disproportion between the size of the teeth and jaw. It can be localized or generalized; the latter is common in children because primary teeth have smaller dimensions than permanent teeth.
- Crowding: Teeth are too large to be accommodated in the space offered by the jaws. There are many factors that can allow the emergence of crooked or crowded teeth. For some people, their mouths are simply too small to contain teeth properly. In other cases there may be crowded teeth once they leave them the wisdom teeth. A test of whether we suffer from overcrowding is flossing: if it is very difficult to pass between your teeth or their positions are incapable of passing the thread, it may be because they are crowded too close to each other.
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In addition to these objective observations, a number of everyday symptoms that can also warn us that our teeth need orthodontics…
- Food stays on the teeth: Having food between teeth routinely can create a haven for bacteria that can cause gingivitis and tooth decay.
- Bad breath: If even after brushing our teeth we have a persistent bad breath, may be on if crooked or crowded teeth favor bacteria are trapped.
- Lisp: If speaking note that ceceamos, may be the result of a malocclusion or misaligned teeth.
- Sore jaw or temporomandibular joint: If your jaw is misaligned, could put additional pressure on our jaw or in our joint, causing frequent aches or pains.
What age is recommended?
While orthodontics no longer depends on the age, it is advisable to start treatment early or as soon as possible after detecting the anomaly.
However, there is currently no limit age for treatment, and new techniques to align teeth and correct the bite in adults.