The skin of newborns, born healthy in due time, is usually tender and very elastic. If you try to collect the baby dry skin in a fold, it immediately straightens.
Tenderness and velvety skin are caused by a prolonged stay of the baby in the womb, where it is covered with a special cheesy grease that prevents maceration (soak) the skin and performs a bactericidal role. However, the skin of toddlers is still too weak and very vulnerable – it is important to remember this and try not to inflict pain on babies. In addition, you need to know in advance how to care for the skin of a newborn, because it is different from the rough skin of an adult. Read more: Dry skin in young children
The color of the baby’s skin immediately after childbirth can be gray and even cyanotic due to the weak activity of the blood vessels. During the first hour of life, the skin acquires a pinkish hue – the blood circulation system is reconstructed and begins to adapt to the extrauterine life.
Many parents noticed that the skin of their babies is too dry. This is completely normal and, in no case, is not a pathology. Baby dry skin in infants is caused by the inadequate activity of the sweat glands, which, in the womb, they function insufficiently and begin to work hard only after birth. During the adaptation period, the sweat glands will begin to work more actively and the dryness of the skin will gradually disappear. Read more: Fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E and K: Their functions, main sources and recommended doses
Baby dry skin in a newborn usually does not require any additional moisturizing in the form of creams and oils. Over time, the baby adapts to the extrauterine life and his “shell” will become familiar to adults properties.
Marbled skin in infants is a fairly frequent phenomenon and can be the result of many reasons. Often, the phenomenon of “parametricity” in children is irregular and arises from a sharp temperature drop. For example, when changing the handle, the legs or even the entire body of the baby becomes marbled. The thing is that infants can not clearly control the temperature of their bodies due to the inadequate development of the thermoregulatory system. That is why the body temperature in infants often rises or falls due to the temperature of the environment.
Marbling of the skin in newborns also often arises from the overload of blood vessels with excess blood. Because of the absence or insufficiency of the fat layer, the vessels are visible almost through, creating a marble shade.
The skin of the baby is tender and vulnerable, so it’s important not only to be cautious about the baby but also to know how to take care of it properly.
One of the most important conditions for proper skin care for a baby is to ensure the optimal temperature in the room where the baby is.
The first days of a newborn’s life are a great stress for him, his skin has not yet adapted and is too sensitive to changes in the temperature of the environment. It must be ensured that the room is not hot (otherwise the temperature rises ) or cold. The optimum air temperature in the room where the baby is is about 20 degrees. If the temperature is greater, the baby will sweat, resulting in a risk of developing sweating, as well as rashes on the baby’s skin (rashes can be caused not only by the temperature of the air!).
A healthy baby should be bathed daily. This is the fundamental rule of proper skin care for a newborn. In this case, before the full healing of the umbilical wound, it is necessary to bathe the baby in boiled water with the addition of a weak solution of potassium permanganate (potassium permanganate solution). The head should be washed 1-2 times a week.
With the help of special children’s moisturizing creams, it is necessary to treat the folds of the skin. Special attention should be paid to the inguinal, cervical, popliteal zones. This will help prevent many diseases of the skin of the newborn.
The baby should be regularly examined to monitor any changes in the skin. If you notice that the newborn skin is flaking, you need to treat the skin peeling skin with moisturizing creams or sunflower oil. Skin peeling in the newborn can be caused by excessive dryness of the air in the apartment. In this case, it is recommended to purchase an air humidifier. Dry air can also cause drying out of the baby’s mucosa, causing a runny nose or snoring.
An important point in caring for a newborn is the treatment of the umbilical wound. It must be treated daily until it completely heals. Usually, the umbilical wound heals after 2-4 weeks. For treatment, it is necessary to use a 3% solution of hydrogen peroxide. If the umbilical wound forms crusts, they should be carefully removed. After processing the wound, it must be lubricated with a “green”.
Air baths also favorably affect the baby’s skin condition. With the baby it is necessary to walk regularly, and also to ensure a free flow of air to the skin (especially in the groin area, often under the diaper, which can cause diaper rash in newborns).
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